Starting from the XIX century the Hudson river valley was seen as a place where people inapt to the city-life could have been isolated and cured in mental health asylums. This led to a concentration of these facilities along the river, which later had to close with the new laws of deinstitutionalization in 1950, causing an increase of the population in jails and in the streets as homeless.


Today, 46% of homeless adults live with severe mental illness and/or substance use disorders. The city of Poughkeepsie is not only suffering the consequences of this, but also deals with many issues that spatially converge in the area of Main Street, the same place where African American and Latino American minorities live. Despite of the diversity of social services provided in the city of Poughkeepsie, the loop of homelessness/incarceration/mental illness is still difficult to break.


How the city can spatially and socially help to interrupt the loop? Can mental illness save the city of Poughkeepsie?